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涂料竟为儿童铅中毒主凶 买家具最好别选鲜艳款

发布时间:2019-02-18

近日,世界卫生组(zu)织(zhi)发(fa)(fa)布声(sheng)明称,含(han)铅涂(tu)(tu)料(liao)是(shi)儿(er)(er)(er)童铅中(zhong)毒的“主要触发(fa)(fa)点(dian)”,儿(er)(er)(er)童生活中(zhong)通过(guo)玩具(ju)(ju)、墙壁、门框、家(jia)具(ju)(ju)都(dou)有可(ke)能(neng)接触到含(han)铅涂(tu)(tu)料(liao)。记者走访(fang)一些(xie)涂(tu)(tu)料(liao)、家(jia)具(ju)(ju)市场时发(fa)(fa)现,家(jia)长在选购涂(tu)(tu)料(liao)、儿(er)(er)(er)童家(jia)具(ju)(ju)时,对(dui)于(yu)“铅含(han)量”的关注(zhu)不(bu)够,一些(xie)店家(jia)对(dui)于(yu)自己销售的涂(tu)(tu)料(liao)是(shi)否含(han)铅,都(dou)不(bu)清楚。涂(tu)(tu)料(liao)是(shi)儿(er)(er)(er)童铅中(zhong)毒主凶 买(mai)家(jia)具(ju)(ju)最好(hao)别(bie)选鲜艳款发(fa)(fa)布世卫组(zu)织(zhi):儿(er)(er)(er)童铅中(zhong)毒,涂(tu)(tu)料(liao)是(shi)“主凶”

近日,世界卫生组织(zhi)发布声明(ming)称,涂料是造成儿童铅(qian)中毒(du)的“主要触发点”,并(bing)呼吁避免使用含铅(qian)涂料,保护儿童远离铅(qian)中毒(du)。

世卫(wei)组织已将铅(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)确(que)定(ding)为引起重大公共卫(wei)生关注的(de)(de)十种化学品之一(yi)。据称(cheng),铅(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)接(jie)(jie)触(chu)每年(nian)(nian)(nian)造成14.3万例死亡(wang),而(er)年(nian)(nian)(nian)幼(you)的(de)(de)儿(er)(er)童(tong)(tong)(tong)特别容(rong)易(yi)(yi)受到(dao)(dao)铅(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)所(suo)(suo)带来的(de)(de)毒(du)(du)性(xing)影响,铅(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)中毒(du)(du)还会对儿(er)(er)童(tong)(tong)(tong)的(de)(de)健康构(gou)成严重、持续的(de)(de)副作用,尤其会影响大脑和(he)神经系(xi)统(tong)发育。世卫(wei)组织提醒(xing),儿(er)(er)童(tong)(tong)(tong)可(ke)能通(tong)过(guo)玩具、墙(qiang)壁、门框和(he)家具等,接(jie)(jie)触(chu)到(dao)(dao)含(han)(han)铅(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)涂(tu)(tu)料(liao)。数(shu)据南(nan)(nan)京儿(er)(er)童(tong)(tong)(tong),血(xue)铅(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)基本正常2010年(nian)(nian)(nian),江苏省疾(ji)控(kong)中心(xin)对南(nan)(nan)京一(yi)千多(duo)名7-12岁儿(er)(er)童(tong)(tong)(tong)进行调(diao)查,结果(guo)显(xian)(xian)示,血(xue)铅(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)均值(zhi)为36.90微克/升(sheng),血(xue)铅(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)中毒(du)(du)率为1.8%。这(zhei)一(yi)结果(guo)与(yu)美国(guo)(guo)、北京、德国(guo)(guo)相当,低(di)于天(tian)(tian)津、武汉及(ji)全(quan)国(guo)(guo)平(ping)均水(shui)平(ping)。调(diao)查显(xian)(xian)示,男(nan)童(tong)(tong)(tong)的(de)(de)血(xue)铅(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)水(shui)平(ping)高于女童(tong)(tong)(tong),这(zhei)与(yu)美国(guo)(guo)第(di)三次全(quan)国(guo)(guo)健康及(ji)营养调(diao)查,以及(ji)中国(guo)(guo)15城市儿(er)(er)童(tong)(tong)(tong)血(xue)铅(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)调(diao)查结果(guo)一(yi)致(zhi)。随着年(nian)(nian)(nian)龄增加(jia),儿(er)(er)童(tong)(tong)(tong)的(de)(de)户外活动(dong)增加(jia),男(nan)童(tong)(tong)(tong)活动(dong)范(fan)围大,接(jie)(jie)触(chu)铅(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)污(wu)染(ran)的(de)(de)机会多(duo),应(ying)该对男(nan)童(tong)(tong)(tong)进行更多(duo)的(de)(de)健康教育。南(nan)(nan)京市妇幼(you)保健院儿(er)(er)保所(suo)(suo)姚(yao)天(tian)(tian)红说:“这(zhei)两(liang)年(nian)(nian)(nian),门诊(zhen)已很少看到(dao)(dao)严重铅(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)中毒(du)(du)的(de)(de)孩子(zi)了(le)(le)。儿(er)(er)童(tong)(tong)(tong)相对成人来说,吸(xi)收铅(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)容(rong)易(yi)(yi),排出(chu)铅(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)难。”姚(yao)天(tian)(tian)红说,伪(wei)(wei)劣(lie)油(you)(you)漆(qi)以及(ji)涂(tu)(tu)料(liao)的(de)(de)存在确(que)实容(rong)易(yi)(yi)造成儿(er)(er)童(tong)(tong)(tong)铅(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)超(chao)标,现在家具地板、墙(qiang)面都离(li)不开油(you)(you)漆(qi)涂(tu)(tu)料(liao),一(yi)旦使用含(han)(han)铅(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)涂(tu)(tu)料(liao),对儿(er)(er)童(tong)(tong)(tong)健康肯定(ding)不利。姚(yao)天(tian)(tian)红说,孩子(zi)有(you)时(shi)会有(you)铅(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)超(chao)标现象,可(ke)能与(yu)环(huan)境有(you)关系(xi),而(er)不仅只是(shi)油(you)(you)漆(qi)。我国(guo)(guo)以前用的(de)(de)是(shi)含(han)(han)铅(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)汽(qi)油(you)(you),后来改用了(le)(le)无铅(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)汽(qi)油(you)(you),但据研(yan)究,这(zhei)些铅(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian),会长(zhang)(zhang)时(shi)间存在于空(kong)气(qi)环(huan)境中,最长(zhang)(zhang)能达到(dao)(dao)20年(nian)(nian)(nian)。第(di)二,儿(er)(er)童(tong)(tong)(tong)喜欢玩玩具,但色彩越是(shi)鲜艳的(de)(de)玩具,如(ru)果(guo)用伪(wei)(wei)劣(lie)含(han)(han)铅(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)涂(tu)(tu)料(liao),那么(me)容(rong)易(yi)(yi)被(bei)儿(er)(er)童(tong)(tong)(tong)摄入。第(di)三,过(guo)多(duo)摄入含(han)(han)铅(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)食品,也会导致(zhi)铅(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)超(chao)标。比(bi)如(ru)路边土法炸爆米花,铅(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)含(han)(han)量就极(ji)高,不建议儿(er)(er)童(tong)(tong)(tong)食用。第(di)四,一(yi)些高污(wu)染(ran)、高排放的(de)(de)工业(ye)区(qu),当然更可(ke)能导致(zhi)孩子(zi)铅(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)超(chao)标。